Skip to Main Content
In frequency-division duplex (FDD) systems, channel-state information (CSI) is estimated by the receiver and then fed back to the transmitter through a feedback link, which inevitably requires additional bandwidth and power. In this letter, we jointly study optimal bandwidth allocation between the data channel, modeled as a flat-fading multiple-input single-output (MISO) channel, and the feedback channel for maximum average throughput in the data channel using a beamforming scheme. We consider two models of the partial CSI at the transmitter (CSIT): the noisy CSIT, modeled as jointly Gaussian with the actual channel state, and the quantized CSIT. In the first model, we use distortion-rate theory to relate the CSIT accuracy to the feedback-link bandwidth. In the second model, we derive a lower bound on the achievable rate of the data channel based on the ensemble of a set of random quantization codebooks. We show that in the MISO flat-fading channel case, beamforming based on feedback CSI can achieve an average rate larger than the capacity without CSIT under a wide range of mobility conditions.
Date of Publication: Feb. 2006