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Comb type pilot aided channel estimation in OFDM systems with transmit diversity

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3 Author(s)
Bowei Song ; Inst. of Image Commun. & Inf. Process., Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ., China ; Lin Gui ; Wenjun Zhang

Transmit diversity can be applied to OFDM systems by adopting space time code. Since the received signal is the overlapped signals transmitted from different transmit antennas, channel estimation is a rather challenging task for space time coded OFDM (ST-OFDM) systems. Pilot structure can help the receiver to effectively separate the overlapped signals and perform accurate channel estimation. In this paper, we propose three different channel estimation algorithms based on specially designed comb type pilots inserted in frequency domain. One of our proposed algorithms is performed in frequency domain and the other two are performed in time domain. Such comb type pilot based algorithms can provide higher bandwidth efficiency than common significant-tap-catching algorithm using training block pilots. Numerical analyzes and computational simulation show that our proposed estimation schemes have the same good performance while the time domain methods have relatively simple structure.

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Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:52 ,  Issue: 1 )