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Text clustering is one of the central problems in text mining and information retrieval area. For the high dimensionality of feature space and the inherent data sparsity, performance of clustering algorithms will dramatically decline. Two techniques are used to deal with this problem: feature extraction and feature selection. Feature selection methods have been successfully applied to text categorization but seldom applied to text clustering due to the unavailability of class label information. In this paper, four unsupervised feature selection methods, DF, TC, TVQ, and a new proposed method TV are introduced. Experiments are taken to show that feature selection methods can improves efficiency as well as accuracy of text clustering. Three clustering validity criterions are studied and used to evaluate clustering results.
Date of Conference: 30 Oct.-1 Nov. 2005