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Writer pole tip remanence in perpendicular recording

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5 Author(s)
D. Z. Bai ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA ; Jian-Gang Zhu ; Peng Luo ; K. Stoev
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We studied the remanent field from perpendicular writer pole tips by micromagnetic modeling. The pole tip remanence has two causes: 1) the residual flux from the yoke due to undesirable material properties and/or yoke design and 2) the geometry of the pole tip. An optimal yoke design for low remanence includes a wide and short yoke with relatively shallow yoke flare angle around 30° that favors transverse major domains. Horizontal anisotropy in the yoke and the pole tip also helps suppress the vertical magnetization, mainly in the yoke, which yields less residual flux into the pole tip, hence lower remanence. The remanent field is also a strong function of the throat height, i.e., the pole tip length, due to the shape anisotropy effect. Micromagnetic modeling shows that multilayer lamination, both in the yoke and in the pole tip, is an effective way to achieve low remanence. It also eliminates the sensitivity of remanence to the throat height. To improve the robustness of the remanence against the stray field, an antiferromagnetic coupling (AFC) between the lamination layers may also be necessary. Our results apply to both single pole heads and shielded pole heads.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Magnetics  (Volume:42 ,  Issue: 3 )