Cart (Loading....) | Create Account
Close category search window
 

Satisfiability-based test generation for nonseparable RTL controller-datapath circuits

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

3 Author(s)
Lingappan, L. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Princeton Univ., NJ, USA ; Ravi, S. ; Jha, N.K.

In this paper, we present a satisfiability (SAT)-based algorithm for automatically generating test sequences that target gate-level stuck-at faults in a circuit by using its register-transfer level (RTL) description. Our methodology uses a unified RTL circuit representation, called assignment-decision diagrams (ADDs), for test analysis. Test generation proceeds by abstracting the components in this unified representation using input/output propagation rules, so that any justification/propagation event can be captured as a Boolean implication. Consequently, we reduce RTL test generation to an SAT instance that has a significantly lower complexity than the equivalent problem at the gate level. Our algorithm is tailored to overcome the disadvantages of several existing RTL precomputed test-set-based approaches, such as the need for an explicit controller/datapath separation, the use of all test vectors or none from the precomputed test set for any given module, a dependence on symbolic justification (observability) paths from (to) circuit inputs (outputs) for a module, and a lack of applicability to mixed gate-level/RTL designs. Using the state-of-the-art SAT solver Zchaff, we show that our RTL test generator can outperform gate-level sequential automatic test-pattern generation (ATPG), in terms of both fault coverage and test-generation time (two-to-three orders of magnitude speedup), in comparable test-application times. Furthermore, we show that in a bilevel testing scenario, in which RTL ATPG is followed by gate-level sequential ATPG on the remaining faults, we improve the fault coverage even further, while maintaining a high speedup in test-generation time (nearly 32×) over pure gate-level sequential ATPG, at comparable test-application times.

Published in:

Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:25 ,  Issue: 3 )

Date of Publication:

March 2006

Need Help?


IEEE Advancing Technology for Humanity About IEEE Xplore | Contact | Help | Terms of Use | Nondiscrimination Policy | Site Map | Privacy & Opting Out of Cookies

A not-for-profit organization, IEEE is the world's largest professional association for the advancement of technology.
© Copyright 2014 IEEE - All rights reserved. Use of this web site signifies your agreement to the terms and conditions.