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Blind source separation based on a fast-convergence algorithm combining ICA and beamforming

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5 Author(s)
Saruwatari, H. ; Graduate Sch. of Inf. Sci., Nara Inst. of Sci. & Technol., Japan ; Kawamura, Toshiya ; Nishikawa, T. ; Lee, A.
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We propose a new algorithm for blind source separation (BSS), in which independent component analysis (ICA) and beamforming are combined to resolve the slow-convergence problem through optimization in ICA. The proposed method consists of the following three parts: (a) frequency-domain ICA with direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation, (b) beamforming based on the estimated DOA, and (c) integration of (a) and (b) based on the algorithm diversity in both iteration and frequency domain. The unmixing matrix obtained by ICA is temporally substituted by the matrix based on beamforming through iterative optimization, and the temporal alternation between ICA and beamforming can realize fast- and high-convergence optimization. The results of the signal separation experiments reveal that the signal separation performance of the proposed algorithm is superior to that of the conventional ICA-based BSS method, even under reverberant conditions.

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Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:14 ,  Issue: 2 )