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Shallow-water reverberation level: measurement technique and initial reference values

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2 Author(s)
Ji-Xun Zhou ; Sch. of Mech. Eng., Georgia Inst. of Technol., Atlanta, GA ; Xue-Zhen Zhang

A quality database of reverberation is absolutely essential if one is to understand the shallow-water reverberation problem. However, to get wideband reverberation levels (RL) simultaneously for both short and long ranges at low- and mid-frequencies is a delicate task that can be subject to errors. This paper introduces a simple method to get RL for the Asian Sea International Acoustics Experiment in the East China Sea (ASIAEX01). Special attention is paid to the measurements of the RL at short- and mid-ranges. With this method, one does not need to accurately calibrate hydrophones and measurement systems, or to measure absolute source level (SL). It can avoid signal overflow and saturation problems caused by powerful sound sources. The RL (relative to SL) at 1 s (or at 2 s) after an explosive source is detonated is defined as the initial reference reverberation level (IRRL). The IRRLs from four sites with different sandy sediments and different water depths have been given as a function of frequency in the 150-2500 Hz range. A mathematical model gives a physical explanation of the measured IRRL data. The resultant RL and IRRL may offer some reference values for the design of reverberation measurements or numerical simulations of shallow-water reverberation and bottom scattering

Published in:

Oceanic Engineering, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:30 ,  Issue: 4 )

Date of Publication:

Oct. 2005

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