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Differential Geometry Measures of Nonlinearity for Ground Moving Target Indicator (GMTI) Filtering

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2 Author(s)
Mallick, M. ; Toyon Res. Corp., Goleta, CA ; La Scala, B.F.

The ground moving target indicator (GMTI) radar is widely used to detect, geolocate, track, and classify ground-moving targets in all weather, day-night, and cluttered conditions. The measurements of a GMTI radar are slant range, azimuth, and range-rate or Doppler. These measurements are nonlinear functions of the target state. Until recently, a quantitative measure of the degree of nonlinearity (DoN) for nonlinear filtering problems was lacking. Recently, the DoN of a filtering problem with a nonlinear measurement model has been quantified using the differential geometry based measures of nonlinearity such as the parameter-effects curvature and intrinsic curvature. We calculate three types of parameter-effects curvature and intrinsic curvature for the nonlinear GMTI filtering problem for a variety of scenarios. We vary the distance between the target and the GMTI sensor in these scenarios using simulated data. We demonstrate that the state estimation mean square error (MSE) increases with increase in the DoN

Published in:

Information Fusion, 2005 8th International Conference on  (Volume:1 )

Date of Conference:

25-28 July 2005