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The LANL prototype Compton gamma-ray imager: design and image reconstruction techniques

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6 Author(s)

Today we face serious threats from radiological dispersion devices, improvised nuclear devices, and unsecured nuclear materials. Detectors which are currently used to detect and characterize these radioactive materials (or the radioactive materials within larger assemblies) suffer from large background rates. In addition, these detectors have only minimal ability to localize the position of the source without the use of mechanical collimators - which reduce efficiency. Imaging detectors using the Compton scattering process have the potential to provide greatly improved sensitivity through their ability to reject off-source background by localizing the source. We are developing a prototype device using readily available detector systems to explore Compton imaging technology. Our aim is to build a proof-of-concept device to study the Compton technology and to benchmark simulation efforts that will guide development of larger, more efficient devices that would be needed for deployment in the field. Here we discuss the concept of our detector design and results from Monte Carlo simulations of our prototype detector. We present an extension of an imaging technique used for gamma-ray astronomy to near-field sources

Published in:

Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:52 ,  Issue: 6 )