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This paper deals with the tolerance design of a two-degree-of-freedom translational parallel robot module for high-speed pick-and-place operations. The module is an overconstrained parallel mechanism using two sets of parallelograms in each limb. A probabilistic model of the uncompensatable pose error is formulated, together with a compatibility condition to ensure the mobility of the robot. Based upon this model, optimization of the tolerances of the geometric source errors and joint clearances is conducted, subject to a set of appropriate constraints. Simulation and experimental results are given to demonstrate the effectiveness of this approach.