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Interference suppression for space-time coded CDMA via decision-feedback equalization

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2 Author(s)
Mohammad H Taghavi N ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Sharif Univ. of Technol., Tehran, Iran ; B. H. Khalaj

A single-user receiver structure is proposed for space-time coded code-division multiple-access (CDMA) downlink in a multiuser frequency-selective channel. This structure is a two-dimensional (2-D) decision-feedback equalizer (2D-DFE) whose filters are optimized based on the MMSE criterion to mitigate noise, intersymbol interference (ISI), and multiuser interference (MUI) with a moderate complexity. By modeling the spreading codes of the interfering users as random sequences, system performance was evaluated using the Gaussian approximation. Two models for the desired user's spreading sequence have been considered and compared. Our numerical results show that in both cases the 2D-DFE exhibits significant performance improvement over the standard space-time coded RAKE, especially in interference-limited conditions. It is also observed that the gain obtained by using DFE in a MISO channel is less that in a SISO channel and this problem can be solved by providing diversity at the receiver.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology  (Volume:55 ,  Issue: 1 )