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Optical in situ characterization of isotactic polypropylene crystallization using an LED array in avalanche-photoreceiver mode

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3 Author(s)
De Santis, F. ; Dept. of Chem. & Food Eng., Univ. of Salerno, Italy ; Ferrara, M. ; Neitzert, H.-C.

An experiment that is useful in investigating crystallinity evolution during fast cooling, comparable with cooling rates attained in industrial processes, is extremely attractive. In this paper, a setup able to quench thin polymer films while recording the sample thermal history and light intensity of a laser beam transmitted by the sample is described. A particular feature of the optical-measurement setup is the use of the light-emitting diode (LED) array as a receiver, enabling the monitoring of changes in the polarization properties as changes in light scattering of the polymer during crystallization. Furthermore, it could be demonstrated that the LED array can be used as a linear optical detector with photocurrent gain values exceeding ten when polarized slightly below reverse-bias breakdown.

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Instrumentation and Measurement, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:55 ,  Issue: 1 )