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A novel multilevel carrier-based PWM-control method for GTO inverter in low index modulation region

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2 Author(s)
Ben-Brahim, L. ; Coll. of Eng., Qatar Univ., Doha, Qatar ; Tadakuma, Susumu

Gate turn offs (GTOs) have an inherent minimum ON-OFF time, which is needed for their safe operation. For GTO-based three-level or neutral-point-clamped (NPC) inverters, this minimum ON-OFF pulsewidth limitation results in a distortion of the output voltage and current waveforms, especially in the low index modulation region. Some approaches have been previously proposed to compensate for the minimum ON pulse. However, these methods increase the inverter switching losses. Two new methods of pulsewidth-modulation (PWM) control based on: 1) adding a bias to the reference voltage of the inverter and 2) switching patterns are presented. The former method improves the output waveforms, but increases the switching losses; while the latter improves the output waveforms without increasing the switching losses. The fluctuations of the neutral-point voltage are also reduced using this method. The theoretical and practical aspects as well as the experimental results are presented in this paper.

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Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:42 ,  Issue: 1 )