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The use of gateway proxies is one important approach to facilitating adaptation across wireless and mobile environments. Importantly, augmented service entities deployed within the gateway proxy residing on the wired network can be composed and deployed to shield mobile clients from the effects of poor network characteristics. The usual approach to the static composition of service entities on the gateway proxy is to have these service entities interact with each other by explicitly invoking procedures on the named interface, but such a tight coupling of interfaces inhibits the flexible composition and adaptation of the service entities to the dynamic operating characteristics of wireless networks. In this paper, we present a mobile gateway for the active deployment of transport entities or, for short, MobiGATE (pronounced Mobi-Gate). MobiGATE is a mobile middleware framework that supports the robust and flexible composition of transport entities, known as streamlets. The flow of data traffic is subjected to processing by a chain of streamlets. Each streamlet encapsulates a service entity that adapts the flow of traffic across the wireless network. To facilitate the dynamic reconfiguration of the streamlets, we advocate applying the concept of coordination as the unifying approach to composing these transport service entities. Importantly, MobiGATE delineates a clear separation of interdependent parts from the service-specific computational codes of those service entities. It does this by using a separate coordination language, called MobiGATE coordination language (MCL), to describe the coordination among streamlet service entities. The complete design, implementation, and evaluation of the MobiGATE system are presented in this paper. Initial experimental results validate the flexibility of the coordination approach in promoting separation-of-concern in the reconfiguration of services, while achieving low computation and delay overheads.
Date of Publication: Jan. 2006