Cart (Loading....) | Create Account
Close category search window

Potential-biased, asymmetric waveforms for charge-injection with activated iridium oxide (AIROF) neural stimulation electrodes

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

5 Author(s)
Cogan, S.F. ; EIC Labs. Inc., Norwood, MA, USA ; Troyk, P.R. ; Ehrlich, J. ; Plante, T.D.
more authors

The use of potential biasing and biphasic, asymmetric current pulse waveforms to maximize the charge-injection capacity of activated iridium oxide (AIROF) microelectrodes used for neural stimulation is described. The waveforms retain overall zero net charge for the biphasic pulse, but employ an asymmetry in the current and pulse widths of each phase, with the second phase delivered at a lower current density for a longer period of time than the leading phase. This strategy minimizes polarization of the AIROF by the charge-balancing second phase and permits the use of a more positive anodic bias for cathodal-first pulsing or a more negative cathodic bias for anodal-first pulsing to maximize charge injection. Using 0.4-ms cathodal-first pulses, a maximum charge-injection capacity of 3.3 mC/cm2 was obtained with an 0.6-V bias (versus Ag|AgCl) and a pulse asymmetry of 1:8 in the cathodal and anodal pulse widths. For anodal-first pulsing, a maximum charge capacity of 9.6 mC/cm2 was obtained with an asymmetry of 1:3 at an 0.1-V bias. These measurements were made in vitro in carbonate-buffered saline using microelectrodes with a 2000 μm2 surface area.

Published in:

Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:53 ,  Issue: 2 )

Date of Publication:

Feb. 2006

Need Help?

IEEE Advancing Technology for Humanity About IEEE Xplore | Contact | Help | Terms of Use | Nondiscrimination Policy | Site Map | Privacy & Opting Out of Cookies

A not-for-profit organization, IEEE is the world's largest professional association for the advancement of technology.
© Copyright 2014 IEEE - All rights reserved. Use of this web site signifies your agreement to the terms and conditions.