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Spatiotriangulation with multisensor HR stereo-images

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1 Author(s)
Toutin, T. ; Natural Resources Canada, Canada Centre for Remote Sensing, Ottawa, Ont., Canada

The objective of this research study was to evaluate the spatiotriangulation applied to multisensor high-resolution satellite stereo-images, which enabled the simultaneous geometric processing of a large number of stereo-pairs together to reduce the control point requirement. The spatiotriangulation is based on the three-dimensional physical models developed for multisensor images at the Canada Centre for Remote Sensing, Natural Resources Canada and on a least squares block stereo-bundle adjustment process with orbital constraints. The spatiotriangulation was applied to five along-/across-track stereo-images [panchromatic Syste`me Pour l'Observation de la Terre 5 (SPOT-5) High-Resolution-Stereoscopy (HRS) and High-Resolution-Geometry (HRG), Ikonos, and QuickBird] acquired over Quebec, Canada. The first results of stereo/block bundle adjustment showed that the same error residuals than the input data errors (1/2 to 1-2 pixels) were obtained depending of the stereo-images, whether independently or simultaneously processed. The second and most important results were related to simultaneous stereo-bundle adjustments of the largest "master" SPOT-5 stereo-pair (either HRS or HRG) using 12 ground control points (GCPs) and the smallest "slave" stereo-pair(s) using no GCP but only stereo tie-points (TPs). Better results were normally obtained with SPOT-5-HRG (5-m resolution) as the "master" stereo-pair due to less difference in the sensors resolution than with SPOT-5 HRS. The root mean square errors, verified by independent check points (ICPs) belonging only to the "slave" stereo-pairs, were around 2 m in the three axes. However, the combined image pointing and map errors of ICPs (1-2 m) are included in these 2-m error results, and the internal accuracy of the stereo-pairs should thus be better (less than one resolution). The research study demonstrated thus the possibility to use the largest stereo-pair with a reduced number of GCPs to simultaneously adjust single or multiple stereo-pair(s) with only stereo TPs, and with no degradation in the accuracy.

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:44 ,  Issue: 2 )