Skip to Main Content
A variety of wireless technologies have been standardized and commercialized, but no single technology is considered the best because of different coverage and bandwidth limitations. Thus, interworking between heterogeneous wireless networks is extremely important for ubiquitous and high-performance wireless communications. Security in interworking is a major challenge due to the vastly different security architectures used within each network. The goal of this paper is twofold. First, we provide a comprehensive discussion of security problems and current technologies in 3G and WLAN systems. Second, we provide introductory discussions about the security problems in interworking, the state-of-the-art solutions, and open problems.