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Surveillance systems with multiple cameras have become increasingly important. The space relationship between cameras offers useful information for surveillance applications, such as object tracking or 3- D positioning. In this paper, we propose a visionbased approach to infer the relative positioning and orientation among multiple PTZ cameras. The relationship between the tilt angle of a PTZ camera and the 3D-to-2D coordinate transformation is built first. Then, the tilt angles and the altitudes of PTZ cameras are estimated based on the observation of some simple objects lying on a horizontal plane, with known intrinsic parameters of these PTZ cameras. With the estimated tilt angles and altitudes, the calibration of multiple cameras can be accomplished by comparing the back-projected world coordinates of a common vector in the 3-D space. The whole procedure does not need a huge amount of data and the computational load is light. Experimental results over real images have demonstrated the efficiency and feasibility of this approach.
Date of Conference: 04-07 Jan. 2006