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Multi-channel wireless LAN mesh architecture with DCF-based inter-AP communication and idle channel search packet forwarding

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5 Author(s)
L. Loyola ; NTT Access Network Service Syst. Lab., NTT Corp., Tokyo, Japan ; T. Kumagai ; K. Nagata ; S. Otsuki
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The mesh topology based on the standard IEEE 802.11 for wireless LANs appears to be a very promising architecture for achieving a ubiquitous wireless Internet access in the future. However, the current IEEE 802.11 protocol is aimed at single-AP (access point) environments and many problems related to the wireless meshed interconnection of APs and mobile terminals (MTs) remain to be solved. Some proposed solutions to build such mesh architectures are based on single-channel ad-hoc oriented schemes in which IEEE 802.11 protocol has been modified. The main problem with this type of schemes, however, lies in the very low performance of the single-channel architecture itself. The task group S of IEEE 802.11 is currently working out standards for IEEE 802.11-compliant mesh architectures in a number of usage scenarios including residential, office and campus/community/public access network but a lot of work remains to be done since the group was established just on last year. In this paper we propose a new multi-radio multi-channel mesh architecture for hot zones which works using a distributed coordination function (DCF)-based technique for interconnecting APs and a simple but effective radio routing mechanism. A major advantage of our proposed scheme is that, putting routing issues aside, it introduces no change into the MAC protocol of IEEE 802.11. Our simulations results obtained in OPNET show the great effectiveness of radio routing for balancing the traffic load within the network as well as interesting results related with the size of packets and the mesh architecture itself that could lead to further research in the future. Moreover, the results show the proposed architecture yields a very good performance in terms of total throughput and transmission delay

Published in:

GLOBECOM '05. IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, 2005.  (Volume:6 )

Date of Conference:

2-2 Dec. 2005