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Joint end-to-end loss-delay hidden Markov model for periodic UDP traffic over the Internet

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4 Author(s)
P. Salvo Rossi ; Dipt. di Ingegneria dell'Informazione, Seconda Univ. di Napoli, Aversa, Italy ; G. Romano ; F. Palmieri ; G. Iannello

Performance of real-time applications on network communication channels is strongly related to losses and temporal delays. Several studies showed that these network features may be correlated and exhibit a certain degree of memory such as bursty losses and delays. The memory and the statistical dependence between losses and temporal delays suggest that the channel may be well modeled by a hidden Markov model (HMM) with appropriate hidden variables that capture the current state of the network. In this paper, an HMM is proposed that shows excellent performance in modeling typical channel behaviors in a set of real packet links. The system is trained with a modified version of the Expectation-Maximization (EM) algorithm. Hidden-state analysis shows how the state variables characterize channel dynamics. State-sequence estimation is obtained by the use of Viterbi algorithm. Real-time modeling of the channel is the first step to implement adaptive communication strategies.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing  (Volume:54 ,  Issue: 2 )