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A "waveform" is generated by cross-correlating local copies of a global positioning system (GPS) signal with an ocean-reflected GPS signal, over a range of carrier frequencies and code delays. The shape of this waveform can be inverted to obtain estimates of the ocean surface roughness. To assess the accuracy of these retrievals, a stochastic model for the waveform time series measurements was developed in a previous publication. In this letter, this model is validated by comparing the predicted autocorrelation function of the waveform against the autocorrelation computed from experimental waveforms collected from an airborne receiver. A 1-ms coherent integration time was used at first. Then, blocks of these measurements were concatenated to produce equivalent integration times of up to 5 ms to compare the dependence of model predictions on integration time. Correlation time was estimated by fitting a model Gaussian function to the magnitude or the real part of the autocorrelation function. The magnitude and phase of the complex autocorrelation function from the model were also studied to show the location of the first , and better explain cases in which the Gaussian function did not fit well. The autocorrelation is found to be weakly dependent upon the surface roughness, over a range of moderate wind speeds.
Date of Publication: Jan. 2006