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Hybrid finite element-boundary integral (FE-BI) formulations are widely used for electromagnetic analysis. In such analysis, estimation of the mesh-wide error distribution and global solution quality may be used to drive adaptive refinements. In this paper, an a posteriori error estimator based on the implicit, element residual method is constructed for the cavity FE-BI formulation, with dominant-mode coaxial port excitation. It is based on solving elemental variational boundary value problems of the error, using approximate, localized boundary conditions. Results show that the scheme can be applied to practical problems, yielding significant reductions in computational cost.