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Broadband composite right/left-handed coplanar waveguide power splitters with arbitrary phase responses and balun and antenna applications

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2 Author(s)
Shau-Gang Mao ; Inst. of Comput. & Commun. Eng., Nat. Taipei Univ. of Technol., Taiwan ; Yu-Zhi Chueh

This study presents novel coplanar waveguide (CPW) power splitters comprising a CPW T-junction with outputs attached to phase-adjusting circuits, i.e., the composite right/left-handed (CRLH) CPW and the conventional CPW, to achieve a constant phase difference with arbitrary value over a wide bandwidth. To demonstrate the proposed technique, a 180° CRLH CPW power splitter with a phase error of less than 10° and a magnitude difference of below 1.5 dB within 2.4 to 5.22 GHz is experimentally demonstrated. Compared with the conventional 180° delay-line power splitter, the proposed structure possesses not only superior phase and magnitude performances but also a 37% size reduction. The equivalent circuit of the CRLH CPW, which represents the left-handed (LH), right-handed (RH), and lossy characteristics, is constructed and the results obtained are in good agreement with the full-wave simulation and measurement. Applications involving the wideband coplanar waveguide-to-coplanar stripline (CPW-to-CPS) transition and the tapered loop antenna are presented to stress the practicality of the 180° CRLH CPW power splitter. The 3-dB insertion loss bandwidth is measured as 98% for the case of a back-to-back CPW-to-CPS transition. The tapered loop antenna fed by the proposed transition achieves a measured 10-dB return loss bandwidth of 114%, and shows similar radiation patterns and 6-9 dBi antenna gain in its operating band.

Published in:

Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:54 ,  Issue: 1 )

Date of Publication:

Jan. 2006

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