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This paper describes a novel miniature robot that can autonomously position recording electrodes inside cortical tissue to isolate and maintain optimal extracellular action potential recordings. The system consists of a novel motorized miniature recording microdrive and a control algorithm. The microdrive was designed for semi-chronic operation and can independently position four electrodes with micron precision over a 5mm range using small (3mm diameter) piezoelectric linear actuators. The autonomous positioning algorithm is designed to detect, align and cluster action potentials, and then command the microdrive to optimize and maintain the neural signal. This system is shown to be capable of autonomous operation in monkey cortex.
Date of Conference: 18-22 April 2005