Skip to Main Content
This paper presents a robust model-based visual tracking algorithm that can give accurate 3D pose of a rigid object. Our tracking algorithm uses an incremental pose update scheme in a prediction-verification framework. Extended Kalman filter is used to update the pose of a target incrementally to minimize the error between the expected map of the target model and the corresponding gradient edge in the image space. The main contributions of this paper include: 1) A novel approach to how we use the two extremities of straight-lines as features. By taking into account the measurement uncertainties associated with the locations of the extracted extremities of the straight-line, our approach can compare correctly two straight-lines of different lengths. 2) Our use of a test of mean criterion for initiating backtracking and our use of a variable threshold on the output of this criterion that makes nil-matching more effective. We have tested our tracking algorithm with image sequences containing highly cluttered backgrounds. The system successfully tracks objects even when they are highly occluded.