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This paper presents design and integration of the ROBHAZ-DT3, which is a newly developed mobile robot system with chained double-track mechanisms. A passive adaptation mechanism equipped between the front and rear body enables the ROBHAZ-DT3 to have good adaptability to uneven terrains including stairs. The passive adaptation mechanism reduces energy consumption when moving on uneven terrain as well as its simplicity in design and remote control, since no actuator is necessary for adaptation. Starting from this novel design, dynamic analysis and simulation were conducted to verify the mobility of the double-track mechanism and to obtain significant design parameters such as a suitable track size and an allowable attack angle. Based on this novel mobile platform, a rescue version of the ROBHAZ-DT3 with appropriate sensors and a semi-autonomous mapping and localization algorithm is developed to participate in the RoboCup2004 US-Open: Urban Search and Rescue Competition. From the various experiments in the realistic rescue arena, we can verify that the ROBHAZ-DT3 is reliable in travelling rugged terrain and the proposed mapping and localization algorithm are effective in the unstructured environment with uneven ground.
Date of Conference: 18-22 April 2005