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Transmit selection diversity with maximal-ratio combining for multicarrier DS-CDMA wireless networks over Nakagami-m fading channels

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2 Author(s)
Jia Tang ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Texas A&M Univ., College Station, TX, USA ; Xi Zhang

We propose the scheme to integrate transmit selection diversity/maximal-ratio combining (TSD/MRC) with multicarrier (MC) direct-sequence code-division multiple access (DS-CDMA) for various wireless networks. Applying this TSD/MRC-based scheme, the transmitter jointly selects the optimal subcarrier-and-antenna pair to significantly decrease the peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR), which is one of the main problems inherently associated with MC DS-CDMA communications. Over the frequency-selective Nakagami-m fading channels, we develop the unified analytical framework to analyze the symbol-error rate (SER) of the scheme implemented in different types of wireless networks, while dealing with the perfect and imperfect channel state information (CSI) feedbacks, respectively. The imperfect feedbacks we focus on include delayed feedbacks and erroneous feedbacks. Taking the imperfectness of the feedback into account, the resultant SER is compared with that of both conventional selection diversity (SD)/MRC-based and space-time block coding (STBC)/MRC-based schemes. Our analyses show that in a wide variation of the feedback imperfectness, our proposed TSD/MRC-based scheme has significant advantages over the other two schemes for both downlink cellular networks and ad hoc wireless networks. However, our analytical findings indicate that TSD/MRC-based scheme cannot always outperform SD/MRC-based and STBC/MRC-based schemes even when the perfect CSI feedbacks are available.

Published in:

IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications  (Volume:24 ,  Issue: 1 )