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An accurate model for the DC-side voltage control of the neutral point diode clamped converter

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2 Author(s)
Yazdani, A. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Univ. of Toronto, Ont., Canada ; Iravani, R.

This paper presents an in depth analysis to show that the conventional power balance model for the dc-side control of the Neutral Point Diode Clamped (NPC) converter is not adequately accurate for all operating conditions. The inaccuracy is due to the fact that the instantaneous power of the ac-side inductors is assumed to be negligible in the power balance equation. This paper shows that this assumption obscures (i) the impact of operating point which is a direct consequence of the inherent nonlinear nature of the problem and (ii) the nonminimum-phase property of the plant in the rectifying mode of operation. Thus, the conventional dc-side control model may lead to unsatisfactory performance or even instability. To overcome the shortcoming, this paper also develops accurate nonlinear and linearized models for the dc-side controller design, including the impact of the ac-side interface reactors. The analytical results and the conclusions are validated by digital time-domain simulation of a study system in the PSCAD/EMTDC environment. The mathematical developments and conclusions of the paper are equally applicable to the conventional two-level VSC.

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Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:21 ,  Issue: 1 )