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Transformer tank vibration modeling as a method of detecting winding deformations-part II: experimental verification

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3 Author(s)
Garcia, B. ; Univ. Carlos of Madrid, Spain ; Burgos, J.C. ; Alonso, A.M.

In Part I of the paper, a tank vibration model was proposed as a method to detect the winding deformations in power transformers. This model is incorporated in a model-based monitoring system for power transformers. In this paper, the experimental verification of the proposed model that calculates vibration on the transformer tank is reported. The model was validated in a 1500-kVA experimental transformer constructed as a reduced scale model of a 60-MVA 220-kV unit. In order to load the test transformer, the opposition method described in IEC 60076-2 Standard was used allowing to vary the load and power factor over a wide range. Sensors to measure vibrations and temperature were installed in the test transformer. The model was validated under different test transformer operating conditions. In order to verify the model's ability to detect failures, a deformation was provoked in the test transformer winding. Model predictions were compared with the measured vibration in that situation. The model has also been applied to four (30-40 MVA) grid transformers. Some results of this field validation are presented in this paper.

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Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:21 ,  Issue: 1 )