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Transformations for nonideal uniform circular arrays operating in correlated signal environments

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4 Author(s)
Buon Kiong Lau ; Dept. of Electrosci., Lund Univ., Sweden ; Yee Hong Leung ; Yanqun Liu ; Kok Lay Teo

The Davies transformation is a method to transform the steering vector of a uniform circular array (UCA) to one with Vandermonde form. As such, it allows techniques such as spatial smoothing for direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation in a correlated signal environment, developed originally for uniform linear arrays, to be applied to UCAs. However, the Davies transformation can be highly sensitive to perturbations of the underlying array model. This paper presents a method for deriving a more robust transformation using optimization techniques. The effectiveness of the method is illustrated through a number of DOA estimation examples.

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Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:54 ,  Issue: 1 )