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An efficient extraction and modeling methodology for self and mutual inductances within multiconductors for on-chip interconnects is investigated. The method is based on physical layout considerations and current distribution on multiple return paths, leading to loop inductance and resistance. It provides a lumped circuit model suitable for timing analysis in any circuit simulator, which can represent frequency-dependent characteristics. This novel modeling methodology accurately provides the mutual inductance and resistance as well as self terms within a wide frequency range without using any fitting algorithm. Measurement results for single and coupled wires within a multiconductor system, fabricated using 0.13 and 0.18 μm CMOS technologies, confirm the validity of the proposed method. Our methodology can be applicable to high-speed global interconnects for post-layout as well as prelayout extraction and modeling.
Date of Publication: Jan. 2006