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A resource directory is a critical component of a grid architecture. P2P computing paradigm could address some of the scalability issues that make distributed resource discovery services challenging. Unfortunately, most existing distributed hash table (DHT) based P2P overlays have difficulty in treating attribute range queries that are common in resource discovery lookups. This paper proposes a general framework for range-based resource discovery. In particular, the proposed framework maps tree-structured logical data (i.e., range indexing) onto a DHT-based physical node space (i.e., resource brokers). In this paper, we consider three mapping schemes from the logical space onto the physical space. Each mapping scheme uses a different replication mechanism to reduce range search time and to achieve load balance. We analytically and experimentally compare the performance characteristics (query/update costs and workload distributions) of these schemes and discuss their applicability under different resource discovery service scenarios.