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In this paper, a novel high-performance compact dual planar electromagnetic bandgap (DP-EBG) microstrip low-pass filter with a U-shaped geometry is proposed. By employing the unique DP-EBG configuration and the U-shaped geometry of the microstrip line (MLIN), the proposed structure achieves a wide stopband with high attenuation and a high selectivity within a small circuit area. Its passband ripple level is low due to the U-shaped geometry and the electromagnetic bandgap (EBG) structure with square patches inserted at the bends of the MLIN. The Chebyshev tapering technique is used to taper components of the proposed structure in order to eliminate ripples caused by the EBG periodicity. The structure was fabricated and the measured results are in good agreement with the simulated results. This novel design demonstrates superior low-pass filtering functionality and can easily be applied to monolithic circuits.