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Data association and tracking for automotive radar networks

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2 Author(s)
F. Folster ; Dept. of Telecommun., Hamburg Univ. of Technol., Germany ; H. Rohling

Radar sensors in the 24- and 77-GHz frequency domain will be used to increase comfort and safety in many future automotive applications. In this paper, a radar network with four short-range radars is considered. Each sensor measures individually only the range information of all targets inside the observation area. The Cartesian coordinates of each target are calculated by a trilateration technique based on range measurements selected in a data-association procedure. Estimating a target position based on range measurements is called trilateration. In contrast to this, estimation of a target position based on pure angular measurements is called triangulation. In automotive applications, situations with multiple targets almost always occur. Therefore, a high-performance data association is very important to separate and to distinguish between these targets. To avoid errors in the data-association step and resulting ghost targets, this paper describes a technique that combines the procedures of data association and position estimation into a single step. This signal-processing technique shows very good results in multitarget situations and reduces the number of ghost targets drastically.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems  (Volume:6 ,  Issue: 4 )