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A fully integrated 24-GHz phased-array transmitter in CMOS

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3 Author(s)
Natarajan, A. ; California Inst. of Technol., Pasadena, CA, USA ; Komijani, A. ; Hajimiri, A.

This paper presents the first fully integrated 24-GHz phased-array transmitter designed using 0.18-μm CMOS transistors. The four-element array includes four on-chip CMOS power amplifiers, with outputs matched to 50 Ω, that are each capable of generating up to 14.5 dBm of output power at 24 GHz. The heterodyne transmitter has a two-step quadrature up-conversion architecture with local oscillator (LO) frequencies of 4.8 and 19.2 GHz, which are generated by an on-chip frequency synthesizer. Four-bit LO path phase shifting is implemented in each element at 19.2 GHz, and the transmitter achieves a peak-to- ratio of 23 dB with raw beam-steering resolution of 7° for radiation normal to the array. The transmitter can support data rates of 500 Mb/s on each channel (with BPSK modulation) and occupies 6.8 mm × 2.1 mm of die area.

Published in:

Solid-State Circuits, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:40 ,  Issue: 12 )