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Flip chip interconnection with anisotropic conductive adhesives for RF and high-frequency applications

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7 Author(s)
Myung Jin Yim ; Dept. of Mater. Sci. & Eng., Korea Adv. Inst. of Sci. & Technol., Taejon, South Korea ; In Ho Jeong ; Hyung-Kyu Choi ; Jin-Sang Hwang
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Anisotropic conductive adhesives (ACAs) are as promising interconnect materials for flip chip assembly in low cost, high-density, high-speed interconnection packages. We evaluated and compared several flip chip interconnects that use ACAs at the radio frequency (RF) and high-frequency range. The performance of high-speed circuits is limited by the package interconnect discontinuity which is due to large inductance and resistance in the high-frequency range. This discontinuity is determined by the interconnection geometry and materials used. For bumps on the integrated circuit (IC), we used Au studs, Au electroplated and electroless Ni/Au bumps, for the interconnection adhesives, we used two kinds of anisotropic conductive film (ACF) with a different dielectric constant. To evaluate the high frequency model parameters, which we based on an ACF flip chip model and network analysis, we took the high-frequency measurements of test flip chip vehicles that used different bonding materials. Furthermore, to demonstrate real applications for an ACF interconnection at the RF and high-frequency range, we applied ACF flip chip technologies to assemble a passive device that uses an RF integrated passive device. We also applied these technologies to an active device that uses a highly integrated monolithic microwave (IC) device on an RF module. Moreover, we compared the high-frequency characteristics of these devices with those of flip chip assemblies fabricated with conventional methods such as solder ball interconnection.

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Components and Packaging Technologies, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:28 ,  Issue: 4 )