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This paper presents a system for automatic reconstruction of 3D structure using two unsynchronized cameras. Three images are acquired sequentially from the left, right, and again from the left camera. A virtual image from the left camera synchronized with the right image is created by interpolating matching points of interest (SIFT features) in the two left images. Both geometric and probabilistic criteria are used to select the correct set of matching features amongst the three views. In an indoor environment, the method typically results in 3D structure with approximately 200 feature points, with a median 3D accuracy of 1.6 cm when the average depth is 3 m and the robot has moved 1-2 cm between each image acquisition.
Date of Conference: 2-6 Aug. 2005