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Integrating the effects of motion, illumination and structure in video sequences

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2 Author(s)
Yilei Xu ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., California Univ., Riverside, CA ; Roy-Chowdhury, A.K.

Most work in computer vision has concentrated on studying the individual effect of motion and illumination on a 3D object. In this paper, we present a theory for combining the effects of motion, illumination, 3D structure, albedo, and camera parameters in a sequence of images obtained by a perspective camera. We show that the set of all Lambertian reflectance functions of a moving object, illuminated by arbitrarily distant light sources, lies close to a bilinear subspace consisting of nine illumination variables and six motion variables. This result implies that, given an arbitrary video sequence, it is possible to recover the 3D structure, motion and illumination conditions simultaneously using the bilinear subspace formulation. The derivation is based on the intuitive notion that, given an illumination direction, the images of a moving surface cannot change suddenly over a short time period. We experimentally compare the images obtained using our theory with ground truth data and show that the difference is small and acceptable. We also provide experimental results on real data by synthesizing video sequences of a 3D face with various combinations of motion and illumination directions

Published in:

Computer Vision, 2005. ICCV 2005. Tenth IEEE International Conference on  (Volume:2 )

Date of Conference:

17-21 Oct. 2005