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Service-oriented architecture (SOA) and Web services (WS) have received significant attention recently. Even though WS are based on open standards and support software interoperability, but the trustworthy issues of WS has actually limited the growth of WS applications as organizations do not trust those WS developed by other vendors and at the same time they do not have access to the source code. This paper addressed this issue by proposing several solutions including specification-based verification and validation, collaborative testing, and group testing. The key concept is that it is possible to provide a comprehensive evaluation of WS even if their source code is not available.