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The system capacity of speech users in WCDMA system is investigated using a number of different downlink transmit modes. A single antenna sectorized system, a two fixed-beam antenna array, a closed-loop (mode I) and an open-loop space time transmit diversity methods are compared in a dynamic radio network simulator. Frequency selective and flat fading channels are considered. The results show that the diversity gain in flat fading channels is substantial. In frequency selective fading, the benefits of fixed-beam systems are encouraging, whereas the performance of transmit diversity methods (especially the open-loop scheme) are rather unsatisfactory.
Vehicular Technology Conference, 2005. VTC 2005-Spring. 2005 IEEE 61st (Volume:5 )
Date of Conference: 30 May-1 June 2005