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Sensor node localization using mobile acoustic beacons

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6 Author(s)
M. Kushwaha ; Inst. for Software Integrated Syst., Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN, USA ; K. Molnar ; J. Sallai ; P. Volgyesi
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We present a mobile acoustic beacon based sensor node localization method. Our technique is passive in that the sensor nodes themselves do not need to generate an acoustic signal for ranging. This saves cost, power and provides stealthy operation. Furthermore, the beacon can generate much more acoustic energy than a severely resource constrained sensor node, thereby significantly increasing the range. The acoustic ranging method uses a linear frequency modulated signal that can be accurately detected by matched filtering. This provides longer range and higher accuracy than the current state-of-the-art. The localization algorithm was especially designed to work in such acoustically reverberant environment, as urban terrain. The algorithm presented handles non-Gaussian ranging errors caused by echoes. Node locations are computed centrally by solving a global non-linear optimization problem in an iterative and incremental fashion

Published in:

IEEE International Conference on Mobile Adhoc and Sensor Systems Conference, 2005.

Date of Conference:

7-7 Nov. 2005