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In this paper, we present a novel joint algorithm to estimate the symbol timing and carrier frequency offsets of wireless orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) signals. To jointly estimate synchronization parameters using the maximum likelihood (ML) criterion, researchers have derived conventional models only from additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) or single-path fading channels. We develop a general ML estimation algorithm that can accurately calculate symbol timing and carrier frequency offsets over a fast time-varying multipath channel. To reduce overall estimation complexity, the proposed scheme consists of two estimation stages: coarse and fine synchronizations. A low complexity coarse synchronization based on the least-squares (LS) method can rapidly estimate the rough symbol timing and carrier frequency offsets over a fast time-varying multipath channel. The subsequent ML fine synchronization can then obtain accurate final results based on the previous coarse synchronization. Simulations demonstrate that the coarse-to-fine method provides a good tradeoff between estimation accuracy and computational complexity.