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Accurate atmospheric correction of ASTER thermal infrared imagery using the WVS method

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1 Author(s)
Tonooka, H. ; Ibaraki Univ., Japan

The water vapor scaling (WVS) method involves an atmospheric correction algorithm for thermal infrared (TIR) multispectral data, designed mainly for the five TIR spectral bands of the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) on the Terra satellite. First, this method is improved for better applicability to ASTER/TIR imagery. The major improvement is the determination of a water vapor scaling factor on a band-by-band basis, which can reduce most of the errors induced by various factors such as algorithm assumptions. Next, the WVS method is validated by assessing the surface temperature and emissivity retrieved for a global-based simulation model (416 448 conditions), 183 ASTER scenes selected globally, and ASTER scenes from two test sites, Hawaii Island and Tokyo Bay. In situ lake surface temperatures measured in 13 vicarious calibration experiments, Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer sea surface temperature products, and a climatic lake temperature are also used in validation. All the results indicate that although the ASTER/TIR standard atmospheric correction algorithm performs less well in humid conditions, the WVS method will provide more accurate retrieval of surface temperature and emissivity in most conditions including notably humid conditions. The expected root mean square error is about 0.6 K in temperature. Since the WVS method will be degraded by errors in gray pixel selection and cloud detection, these processing steps should be applied accurately.

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:43 ,  Issue: 12 )