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Optimization is necessary for the control of any process to achieve better product quality, high productivity with low cost. The grinding of silicon carbide is not an easy task due to its low fracture toughness, making the material sensitive to cracking. The efficient grinding involves the optimal selection of operating parameters to maximize the material removal rate (MRR) while maintaining the required surface finish and limiting surface damage. In this work, optimization based on the available model has been carried out to obtain optimum parameters for silicon carbide grinding via particle swarm optimization (PSO) based on the objective of maximizing MRR with reference to surface finish and damage. Results obtained are superior in comparison with genetic algorithm (GA) approach.