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Performance analysis of linear diversity-combining schemes on Rayleigh fading channels with binary signaling and Gaussian weighting errors

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2 Author(s)
Annavajjala, R. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Univ. of California, La Jolla, CA, USA ; Milstein, L.B.

In this paper, we analyze the error probability performance of maximal-ratio combining (MRC), equal-gain combining (EGC), selection combining (SC), and generalized-selection combining (GSC) diversity schemes with coherent binary phase-shift keying (BPSK) signaling on Rayleigh fading channels with Gaussian channel-estimation errors. We first show that, with weighting errors, averaging the conditional probability of error with the density function of the instantaneous signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) at the output of the combiner yields a lower bound on the exact probability of error. Later, we derive the exact probability of error for MRC, EGC, SC, and GSC diversity schemes and show that, for the case of nonnegative values of the in-phase correlation coefficient between the actual and the estimated channel gains, the exact probability of error with weighting errors is the same as that of the case with perfect channel estimation, but with the average SNR per diversity branch γ~, for the case of perfect channel estimation, replaced by the effective SNR γ~ρ, due to weighting errors. The effective SNR is a function of both γ~ and ρ, the magnitude of the normalized cross correlation between the actual and the estimated channel gains. Finally, we show that, as ρ→0, the average probability of error approaches 0.5, irrespective of the order of diversity and the diversity-combining rule.

Published in:

Wireless Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:4 ,  Issue: 5 )

Date of Publication:

Sept. 2005

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