Skip to Main Content
We present a novel method to effectively segment the three dimensional MR brain images (volumes) with severe intensity nonuniformity. The segmentation problem was formulated using maximum a posterior probability and Markov random filed (MAP-MRF) framework. A novel spatial Gaussian mixture model (SGMM) is used to represent the intensity probability distribution of each of the three brain tissues (WM, GM and CSF), and MRF is used to compute the prior probability. This method consists of a learning process based on expectation maximization algorithm (EM) to estimate the parameters of SGMM, and a classification algorithm based on iterated conditional modes (ICM) to perform the segmentation of the sequential brain images using the parameters obtained from the learning process. The results on the simulated and twenty in vivo MR brain volumes demonstrate the efficiency of this method. We also present the comparison results with other published methods.
Image Processing, 2005. ICIP 2005. IEEE International Conference on (Volume:1 )
Date of Conference: 11-14 Sept. 2005