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Fresnel-Kirchhoff integral for 2-D and 3-D path loss in outdoor urban environments

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4 Author(s)
Ying Xu ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Univ. of Illinois, Chicago, IL, USA ; Qiwu Tan ; Erricolo, D. ; Uslenghi, P.L.E.

A deterministic model for propagation in outdoor urban environments based on the Fresnel-Kirchhoff integral is presented. Both two-dimensional (2-D) and three-dimensional (3-D) formulations considering reflection and diffraction are given. The theoretical predictions are compared with 2-D and 3-D measurements and good agreement is achieved. The 3-D experiments, conducted in an anechoic chamber with scaled models representing buildings, are described in detail and provide a benchmark for comparisons with other methods.

Published in:

Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:53 ,  Issue: 11 )

Date of Publication:

Nov. 2005

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