Skip to Main Content
There are many stringent demands imposed on the applications of spaceborne antenna systems. One of the most challenging demands is the generation of multiple beams with the ability to scan a very large number of beamwidths. Since the parabolic reflectors have limitations in this application, a 35-m spherical reflector antenna is proposed for a geostationary radar antenna at Ka-band (35.6 GHz) due to its inherent capability of scanning the beams to very large number of beamwidths. The utility of using planar array feeds for correcting spherical phase aberrations is investigated to overcome the performance degradation effects. Two different methodologies are developed for the array excitation coefficients determination based on phase conjugate matching and the results are compared. Using the compensating feed array, the radiation characteristics of the compensated spherical reflector are simulated for no scan and large scan cases and the results are compared with the uncompensated case to show performance improvement. In order to demonstrate the technological readiness of the concept a 1.5-m breadboard model is designed to be built for experimental measurements. Some important mechanical design tolerances and realistic array feed topologies are investigated. The antenna concept developed in this paper is advocated to be used in the next generation of geostationary satellite antenna systems for remote sensing radar applications.
Date of Publication: Nov. 2005