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The abrupt shot change detection is a basic and important technology in content-based video retrieval. Some basic algorithms, such as the pixel-matching algorithm, the histogram algorithm, used to detect abrupt shot change in digital video have existed. But the existing algorithms can not eliminate the influence of the video movement. When much video movement existed, existing algorithms can not perform well. In this paper, a new method based on relation of the partial interframe differences is proposed. It can eliminate the influence of the video movement. The experimental results have showed that the new method performs well both in recall and precision.