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Given n points on a plane, a rectilinear Steiner minimal tree (RSMT) connects these points through some extra points called Steiner points to achieve a tree with minimal total wire length. Taking blockages into account dramatically increases the problem complexity. It is extremely unlikely that an efficient optimal algorithm exists for rectilinear Steiner minimal tree construction with rectilinear blockages (RSMTRB). Although there exist some heuristic algorithms for this problem, they have either poor quality or expensive running time. In this paper, we propose an efficient and effective approach to solve RSMTRB. The connection graph we used in this approach is called spanning graph which only contains O(n) edges and vertices. An O(n log n) time algorithm is proposed to construct spanning graph for RSMTRB. The experimental results show that this approach can achieve a solution with significantly reduced wire length. The total run time increased is negligible in the whole design flow.